Keeping woodlands in Wales and Ireland healthy

Glossary B


BADC:British Atmospheric Data Centre.
BAP:A Biodiversity Action Plan: the plan for a key habitat or species, to establish the factors for its decline and the work necessary for its recovery. National BAPs are approved by Government and form part of the overall UK Biodiversity Action Plan. The original impetus for these plans derives from the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity.
Bark fissures:Caused by the growth of callus tissue produced by the tree in response to larval feeding.
BARS:Biodiversity Action Reporting System: the reporting system for UK national, local and company BAPs, and for the Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans of all four UK countries.
Basal:Concerning the base of a structure, the part nearest the body.
Baseline:A description of existing conditions to provide a starting point against which progress can be assessed or comparisons made.
BCAs:Biological Control Agents- bioeffector method of controlling pests, weeds and plant diseases using other living organisms.
BCM:The Bug Club Magazine is a publication for children and young people interested in insects and other terrestrial invertebrates.
Beating tray:A device for collecting insects that hide within foliage.
Benchmarking:A method used by public sector organisations, charities and private companies for gauging their performance by comparing it to the performance of other organisations, typically of a similar size. The government encourages public sector bodies to compare their score on various published performance indicators as a way of improving public service. Many organisations are members of so called ‘benchmarking clubs’ in which they compare published and unpublished performance information.
Beneficiaries:A moral person or entity (public, semi-public or private) that is responsible for the coordination and management of an EU funded project, including the monies’ distribution. The beneficiary signs the funding contract and reports directly to the European Commission.
Binomen:In Entomological Terms - it is a combination of two names, the first being the generic name and the second a specific name, that together constitute the scientific name of a species.
Binomial naming system:The system used to name species.
Binomial Nomenclature:In Entomological Terms - the system of nomenclature in which a species, but no taxon or any other rank, is denoted by a combination of two names.
BioBlitz :An intense period of biological recording (usually lasting 24 hours) within a specific area.
Biocontrol:Biological control - the use of one living organism to control a pest species by humans.
Biodiversity:The whole variety of ecosystems and living organisms (species), including genetic variation within species.
Bioenergy:Energy derived from biomass.
Biofuel:Any liquid, gaseous, or solid fuel produced from plant or animal organic matter e.g. soybean oil, alcohol from fermented sugar, black liquor from the paper manufacturing process, wood as fuel etc. Second-generation biofuels are products such as ethanol and biodiesel derived from lingo-cellulosic biomass by chemical or biological processes. Other examples are wood waste, wood liquors, peat, railroad ties, wood sludge, spent sulphite liquors, agricultural waste, straw, tires, fish oils, tall oil, sludge waste, waste alcohol, municipal solid waste and landfill gases.
Biological classification:The process by which scientists group living organisms.
Biological recording:The diligent recording of biodiversity, coupled with the use of computers to process this information, and to learn from it.
Biomass:The total mass of living organisms in a given area or of a given species usually expressed as dry weight. Organic matter consisting of, or recently derived from, living organisms (especially regarded as fuel) excluding peat.
Biomass energy:Energy produced by combusting biomass material such as wood. The carbon dioxide emitted from burning biomass will not increase total atmospheric carbon dioxide if this consumption is done on a sustainable basis (i.e. if in a given period of time, regrowth of biomass takes up as much carbon dioxide as is released from biomass combustion). Biomass energy is often suggested as a replacement for fossil fuel combustion.
Biopesticide:Pesticides based on micro-organisms or natural products.
Biosecurity:Biosecurity measures are the practical steps designed to minimise the risk of introducing or spreading pests and diseases.
Biotic:Of or having to do with life or living organisms or produced or caused by living organisms.
Biotope:A portion of a habitat characterized by uniformity in climate and distribution of biotic and abiotic components.
Bivoltine:Having two generations per year.
Business Plan:Describes the operating plan for the next financial year, including information on finance, human resource management, supply chain management, operations management and marketing.
BVW:Black Vine Weevil – is a serious pest of stock plants which can lead to complete root destruction and plant death.

Using nature's weapons to battle current and future threats

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