Keeping woodlands in Wales and Ireland healthy

Glossary I


IBERS:Institute of Biological, Environmental & Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University.
ICARUS:Irish Climate Analysis and Research Units, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co Kildare, Ireland.
ICHEC:The Irish Centre for High-End Computing - is Ireland's national high performance computer centre. Its mission is to provide High-Performance Computing (HPC) resources, support, education and training for researchers in third-level institutions and through technology transfer and enablement to support Irish industries large and small to contribute to the development of the Irish economy.
ICN:Invertebrate Conservation News - the Amateur Entomologists' Society's Conservation journal, published three times per year.
id; idem:In Entomological Terms - the same.
Identification:In Entomological Terms – the placing of individual specimens into previously established taxa, by deductive procedures. The determination of the taxonomic identity of an individual.
Imago/Imagines:The adult insect.
Impact:In EC methodology impact is the principal basis for evaluating the success or otherwise of structural funds intervention.
In Litteris; In Litt:In Entomological Terms – in correspondence, communicated in writing, used for an unpublished source acknowledgement.
Innovation:The successful exploitation of new ideas. Turning novel ideas and knowledge into new, high value-added products, processes and services that gives businesses a competitive advantage in a world of constantly changing consumer demand and technology development.
Insect suction sampler:A device similar to a vacuum cleaner, used for sampling insects in undergrowth.
Instar:A stage in an insect’s development between any two moults. A 1st-instar larva is an individual that has not yet moulted. A 2nd instar insect is between its 1st and 2nd moults, while the final instar is the adult insect.
INTERREG:This initiative is aimed at assuring a balanced development of the Union’s territory through the strengthening of the cooperation and the development of synergies between different Member States’ actors.
Community Initiative is available in three strands:
Cross-border cooperation
Transnational cooperation
Interregional cooperation]
The Interreg Community Initiative was launched in 1990 in order to prepare a Union without internal frontiers. For the programming period (2007 – 2013), Interreg does not exist anymore as a Community Initiative but it has been upgraded to an Objective itself of the Regional Policy of the EU with the name of European Territorial Cooperation (ETC). This change means not only more funds available for the cross-border, the transnational and the interregional cooperation, but also higher priority on the political agenda of the EU as well as higher visibility and expectations from this objective.
Interregional: Interregional refers to the exchange and transfer of knowledge and best practices among the European regions.
Institute for Rural Health:A UK-wide academic charity working to inform, develop and promote the health and well-being of rural people and their communities through research and projects, education and training, and policy analysis.
Intercalibration steering group:Working with UKTAG this steering group is defining standards for the environmental conditions that will determine ‘good status’ for water as a measure for the Water Framework Directive.
Invasive species:Non-indigenous unwanted plants and animals that adversely affect habitats they invade (economically, environmentally or ecologically) often to the detriment of native species.
IPCC:The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change, established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988 to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts.
IPM:Integrated Pest Management – disparate pest control practices (e.g. biological, chemical, cultural etc) integrated to reduce pest populations below the economic threshold with reduced dependency on chemical pesticides.
ISPM 15:International Standards For Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 - is an International Phytosanitary Measure developed by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) that directly addresses the need to treat wood materials of a thickness greater than 6mm, used to ship products between countries. Its main purpose is to prevent the international transport and spread of disease and insects that could negatively affect plants or ecosystems.
Using nature's weapons to battle current and future threats

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